Experts talk about China’s contribution to poverty alleviation and the challenges facing the view – -hit5杨帆

Experts talk about China’s contribution to poverty alleviation and the challenges facing the view – since the reform and opening up, China has made great achievements in the field of poverty reduction, the global poverty reduction has made outstanding contributions. However, with the change of economic structure and technical structure, the role of economic growth in reducing poverty is weakening, and the urgent need to continue to push forward the process of poverty reduction through precise poverty reduction. China has made outstanding contributions to global poverty reduction, the World Bank recently released the latest global poverty data. According to the 2011 purchasing power parity of 1 days of poverty standards of $1.9, in 2013 the world’s poor population of 766 million, the incidence of poverty was 10.7%. According to the same standards, in 2013 China’s urban and rural areas with a poor population of 25 million 110 thousand, the incidence of poverty was 3.38%. 86% of China’s poor live in rural areas, urban poverty is only about 3 million 680 thousand. According to the above poverty standards, from 1981 to 2013 the world’s poor population decreased by 1 billion 137 million, while China’s poor population decreased by 853 million. During this period the number of poor people in China accounted for 75% of the world’s poor. In other words, if there is no great achievement in China’s poverty reduction over the past 32 years, the number of poor people in the world will be more than the actual number of people in the past 34 years. From 1990 to 2013, the world’s poor population decreased by 61.4%, in advance of the completion of the Millennium Development Goals in to determine the target of halving the world’s poorest people by the year of 2015. China contributed 67.4% of the world’s poor in 1990-2013. Other countries, including China, reduced their poverty by only 32.3% in 1990 1990-2013. In other words, without China’s outstanding contribution, the millennium development goals will not be able to complete the goal of halving the most important of the poorest population. Therefore, in this sense, China has played an important role in promoting the progress of human poverty alleviation and the achievement of the Millennium Development goals. Economic growth and poverty reduction efficiency is an important source of China poverty reduction and the rest of the world than in the developing world, China maintain higher sustainable growth rate in the past a long time. According to comparable statistics, from 1990 to 2013, China’s national income has maintained an average annual growth of 12.4%, higher than the average in other developing countries more than 1 times. In the meantime, Chinese every $10 thousand (PPP 2011) the average national income can reduce 4.8 of poverty, and other developing countries $10 thousand increase in national income can reduce the average of 1.8 people, China unit of national income growth by 2.6 times the number of poor is equivalent to other countries in the development of. For a long time, China has achieved a significant reduction in the number of poor people in the long run, with a higher economic growth rate and a much higher poverty reduction efficiency than other developing countries. The growth of poverty reduction efficiency is a challenge to China’s poverty alleviation, but it is worth noting that China’s economic growth rate of poverty reduction in the last 10 years is very obvious decline. The number of poor people per million (PPP) in China during the period 1999-2013 ()相关的主题文章: